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Quick HTML Tips



Beginning Tips
<nameoftag>
Opens a tag
</nameoftag>
Closes a tag
<nameoftag><nameoftag2>   </nameoftag2></nameoftag>
Example of Nested Tags

Basic Tags
<html></html>
Creates an HTML document
<head></head>
Sets off the title and other information that isn't displayed on the Web page itself
<body></body>
Sets off the visible portion of the document

Header Tags
<title></title>
Puts the name of the document in the title bar

Body Attributes
<body bgcolor="___">
Sets the background color, using name or hex value
<body background="url/nameofimage">
Sets the background image, if one is wanted -use with background color as the visitor will see the color before the image loads.
<body text="___">
Sets the text color, using name or hex value
<body link="___">
Sets the color of links, using name or hex value
<body vlink="___">
Sets the color of followed links, using name or hex value
<body alink="___">
Sets the color of links on click
<body bgcolor="#000000" background="url/nameofimage" text="#000000" link="#000000" vlink="#000000" alink="#000000">
Example of full Body Tag

Text Tags
<pre></pre>
Creates preformatted text
<hl></hl>
Creates the largest headline
<h6></h6>
Creates the smallest headline
<b></b>
Creates bold text
<i></i>
Creates italic text
<tt></tt>
Creates teletype, or typewriter-style text
<cite></cite>
Creates a citation, usually italic
<em></em>
Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
<strong></strong>
Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
<font size="number"></font>
Sets size of font, from 1 to 7)
<font color="#123456"></font>
Sets font color, using hex value

Links
<a href="URL"></a>
Creates a hyperlink
<a href="mailto:EMAIL"></a>
Creates a mailto link
<a name="NAME"></a>
Creates a target location within a document
<a href="#NAME"></a>
Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document

Formatting
<p></p>
Creates a new paragraph
<p align=?>
Aligns a paragraph to the left, right, or center
<br>
Inserts a line break
<blockquote>
</blockquote>

Indents text from both sides
<dl></dl>
Creates a definition list
<dt>
Precedes each definition term
<dd>
Precedes each definition
<ol></ol>
Creates a numbered list
<li></li>
Precedes each list item, and adds a number
<ul></ul>
Creates a bulleted list
<div align="___">
A generic tag used to format large blocks of HTML, also used for stylesheets

Graphical Elements
<img src="nameofimage">
Adds an image from within the same directory -Recommended for faster image loading
<img src="/directory/nameofimage">
Adds an image from within another directory
<img src="nameofimage" align="___">
Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle
<img src="nameofimage" border="numberofpixels">
Sets size of border around an image
<img src="nameofimage" width="numberofpixels" height="numberofpixels">
Sets size of image -Recommended for faster image loading
<hr>
Inserts a horizontal rule
<hr size="___">
Sets size (height) of rule
<hr width="___">
Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value
<hr noshade>
Creates a rule without a shadow

Tables
<table></table>
Creates a table
<tr></tr>
Sets off each row in a table
<td></td>
Sets off each cell in a row
<th></th>
Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text)

Table Attributes
<table border="numberofpixels">
Sets width of border around table cells
<table cellspacing="numberofpixels">
Sets amount of space between table cells
<table cellpadding="numberofpixels">
Sets amount of space between a cell's border and its contents
<table width="numberofpixels" or "number%">
Sets width of table - in pixels or as a percentage of document width
<tr align="___"> or <td align="___">
Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right)
<tr valign="___"> or <td valign="___">
Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom)
<td colspan="numberofpixels">
Sets number of columns a cell should span
<td rowspan="numberofpixels">
Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)
<td nowrap>
Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit

Frames
<frameset></frameset>
tag in a frames document; can also be nested in other framesets
<frameset rows="value,value">
Defines the rows within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width
<frameset cols="value,value">
Defines the columns within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width
<frame>
Defines a single frame - or region - within a frameset
<noframes></noframes>
Defines what will appear on browsers that don't support frames

Frames Attributes
<frame src="URL">
Specifies which HTML document should be displayed
<frame name="name">
Names the frame, or region, so it may be targeted by other frames
<frame marginwidth="numberofpixels">
Defines the left and right margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame marginheight="numberofpixels">
Defines the top and bottom margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame scrolling=VALUE>
Sets whether the frame has a scrollbar; value may equal "yes," "no," or "auto. " The default, as in ordinary documents, is auto.
<frame noresize>
Prevents the user from resizing a frame

Forms
For functional forms, you'll have to run a CGI script. The HTML just creates the appearance of a form.
<form></form>
Creates all forms
<select multiple name="NAME" size="numberofpixels"></select>
Creates a scrolling menu. Size sets the number of menu items visible before yo u need to scroll.
<option>
Sets off each menu item
<select name="NAME"></select>
Creates a pulldown menu
<option>
Sets off each menu item
<textarea name="NAME" cols=40 rows=8></textarea>
Creates a text box area. Columns set the width; rows set the height.
<input type="checkbox" name="NAME">
Creates a checkbox. Text follows tag.
<input type="radio" name="NAME" value="x">
Creates a radio button. Text follows tag
<input type=text name="foo" size=20>
Creates a one-line text area. Size sets length, in characters.
<input type="submit" value="NAME">
Creates a Submit button
<input type="image" border=0 name="NAME" src="name.gif">
Creates a Submit button using an image
<input type="reset">
Creates a Reset button

Complete HTML Lines
AutoRefresh or MetaRefresh -To automatically send visitors from one page to another, place this code between the <head> and the <title> tags after filling in the new url and seconds.
<meta http-equiv="Refresh" content="NumberOfSecondsToWait; url=http://somesite.com/PageYouWantVisitorToGoTo.html">
Handy to put on old pages when you move your page to a new url. One should also include a link in the body portion of the page for all browser capabilities. Like This:
<a href="http://somesite.com/PageYouWantVisitorToGoTo.html">What you want link to say</a>



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