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Quick HTML Tips

Beginning Tips
Opens a tag
Closes a tag
<nameoftag><nameoftag2>   </nameoftag2></nameoftag>
Example of Nested Tags

Basic Tags
Creates an HTML document
Sets off the title and other information that isn't displayed on the Web page itself
Sets off the visible portion of the document

Header Tags
Puts the name of the document in the title bar

Body Attributes
<body bgcolor="___">
Sets the background color, using name or hex value
<body background="url/nameofimage">
Sets the background image, if one is wanted -use with background color as the visitor will see the color before the image loads.
<body text="___">
Sets the text color, using name or hex value
<body link="___">
Sets the color of links, using name or hex value
<body vlink="___">
Sets the color of followed links, using name or hex value
<body alink="___">
Sets the color of links on click
<body bgcolor="#000000" background="url/nameofimage" text="#000000" link="#000000" vlink="#000000" alink="#000000">
Example of full Body Tag

Text Tags
Creates preformatted text
Creates the largest headline
Creates the smallest headline
Creates bold text
Creates italic text
Creates teletype, or typewriter-style text
Creates a citation, usually italic
Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
<font size="number"></font>
Sets size of font, from 1 to 7)
<font color="#123456"></font>
Sets font color, using hex value

<a href="URL"></a>
Creates a hyperlink
<a href="mailto:EMAIL"></a>
Creates a mailto link
<a name="NAME"></a>
Creates a target location within a document
<a href="#NAME"></a>
Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document

Creates a new paragraph
<p align=?>
Aligns a paragraph to the left, right, or center
Inserts a line break

Indents text from both sides
Creates a definition list
Precedes each definition term
Precedes each definition
Creates a numbered list
Precedes each list item, and adds a number
Creates a bulleted list
<div align="___">
A generic tag used to format large blocks of HTML, also used for stylesheets

Graphical Elements
<img src="nameofimage">
Adds an image from within the same directory -Recommended for faster image loading
<img src="/directory/nameofimage">
Adds an image from within another directory
<img src="nameofimage" align="___">
Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle
<img src="nameofimage" border="numberofpixels">
Sets size of border around an image
<img src="nameofimage" width="numberofpixels" height="numberofpixels">
Sets size of image -Recommended for faster image loading
Inserts a horizontal rule
<hr size="___">
Sets size (height) of rule
<hr width="___">
Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value
<hr noshade>
Creates a rule without a shadow

Creates a table
Sets off each row in a table
Sets off each cell in a row
Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text)

Table Attributes
<table border="numberofpixels">
Sets width of border around table cells
<table cellspacing="numberofpixels">
Sets amount of space between table cells
<table cellpadding="numberofpixels">
Sets amount of space between a cell's border and its contents
<table width="numberofpixels" or "number%">
Sets width of table - in pixels or as a percentage of document width
<tr align="___"> or <td align="___">
Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right)
<tr valign="___"> or <td valign="___">
Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom)
<td colspan="numberofpixels">
Sets number of columns a cell should span
<td rowspan="numberofpixels">
Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)
<td nowrap>
Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit

tag in a frames document; can also be nested in other framesets
<frameset rows="value,value">
Defines the rows within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width
<frameset cols="value,value">
Defines the columns within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width
Defines a single frame - or region - within a frameset
Defines what will appear on browsers that don't support frames

Frames Attributes
<frame src="URL">
Specifies which HTML document should be displayed
<frame name="name">
Names the frame, or region, so it may be targeted by other frames
<frame marginwidth="numberofpixels">
Defines the left and right margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame marginheight="numberofpixels">
Defines the top and bottom margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame scrolling=VALUE>
Sets whether the frame has a scrollbar; value may equal "yes," "no," or "auto. " The default, as in ordinary documents, is auto.
<frame noresize>
Prevents the user from resizing a frame

For functional forms, you'll have to run a CGI script. The HTML just creates the appearance of a form.
Creates all forms
<select multiple name="NAME" size="numberofpixels"></select>
Creates a scrolling menu. Size sets the number of menu items visible before yo u need to scroll.
Sets off each menu item
<select name="NAME"></select>
Creates a pulldown menu
Sets off each menu item
<textarea name="NAME" cols=40 rows=8></textarea>
Creates a text box area. Columns set the width; rows set the height.
<input type="checkbox" name="NAME">
Creates a checkbox. Text follows tag.
<input type="radio" name="NAME" value="x">
Creates a radio button. Text follows tag
<input type=text name="foo" size=20>
Creates a one-line text area. Size sets length, in characters.
<input type="submit" value="NAME">
Creates a Submit button
<input type="image" border=0 name="NAME" src="name.gif">
Creates a Submit button using an image
<input type="reset">
Creates a Reset button

Complete HTML Lines
AutoRefresh or MetaRefresh -To automatically send visitors from one page to another, place this code between the <head> and the <title> tags after filling in the new url and seconds.
<meta http-equiv="Refresh" content="NumberOfSecondsToWait; url=http://somesite.com/PageYouWantVisitorToGoTo.html">
Handy to put on old pages when you move your page to a new url. One should also include a link in the body portion of the page for all browser capabilities. Like This:
<a href="http://somesite.com/PageYouWantVisitorToGoTo.html">What you want link to say</a>

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